“Sinhala Alphabet” helps our children learn Sinhala alphabet and numbers by sight and sound recognition. Each letter and number is associated with voice and . Sinhala Hodiya Alphabet Symbols, Alpha Patterns . Details of the Sinhala alphabet and language, which is spoken mainly in Sri Lanka by about 12 million .

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Sri Lanka First written: Click on [show] on the right if you only see boxes below. Vowels come in two shapes: Vowels are transliterated according to English spelling equivalences, which can yield a variety of spellings for a number of phonemes. Certain combinations of graphemes trigger special ligatures.

Sinhala Alphabet

By using this site, you agree to xinhala Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. During the second half of the 19th century, during the Colonial perioda new style of Sinhalese letterforms emerged in opposition to the monolinear and geometric form being high contrast in appearance and having varied thicknesses.

Online Sinhala dictionaries http: History of writing Grapheme. Display this table as an image.

This one-to-many mapping of phonemes onto graphemes is a frequent source of misspellings. Archived from the original on 7 February For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help: More Sinhala links http: The diacritic shape is used when a vowel sinhalw a consonant.


File:New Sinhala – Wikimedia Commons

While a phoneme can be represented by more than one grapheme, each grapheme can be pronounced in only one way. Both are represented in the image on the right side. Touching sonhala were used in ancient scriptures but are not used in modern Sinhala. Note that although modern Sinhala sounds are not aspirated, aspiration is marked in the sound where it was historically present yodiya highlight hodyia differences in modern spelling.

These digits and numbers can be seen primarily in Royal documents and artefacts. The definition of the two sets is thus a historic one. Retrieved 21 September Most of the Sinhalese letters are curlicues ; straight lines are almost completely absent from the alphabet, and does not have joining characters. Dutch English Portuguese Sanskrit Tamil. Some of the more common are displayed in the following table. The use of the extra letters is mainly a question of prestige.

Today, the alphabet is used by greater than sinhxla, people to write the Sinhalese language in very diverse contexts, such as newspapersTV commercialsgovernment announcements, graffitiand schoolbooks.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article contains Indic text. Retrieved 23 September Emoticons Emoji iConji Leet Unicode. Layman’s transliterations in Sri Lanka normally follow neither of these. Colombo Apothecaries’ Company, Limited.

Online Sinhala radio http: If you like this site and find it useful, you can support it slnhala making a donationor by contributing in other ways. The Brahmic script and its descendants. Sinhalese had special symbols to represent numerals, which were in use until the beginning of the 19th century.


The Sinhalese script is an abugida written from left to right.

The kunddaliya was formerly used as a full stop. It adds letters for aspiratesretroflexes and sibilantswhich are not phonemic in today’s Sinhala, but hodoya are necessary to represent non-native words, like loanwords from SanskritPali or English.

Sinhalese script

Vowels may be attached to any of the ligatures formed, attaching to the rightmost part of the glyph except for vowels that use the kombuvawhere the kombuva is written before the ligature or cluster and the remainder of the vowel, if any, is attached to sinhals rightmost part.

This is because Sinhala used to be written on dried palm leaveswhich would split along the veins on writing straight lines.

The first one is the most common one, while the second one is used for letters ending at the top left corner. Sinhala lessons and courses http: Sri Lanka Sinhalese people.