Panth Parkash is the name of two well-known books on Sikh history. Panth Parkash of Rattan Panth Parkash is the only Sikh source of historical account of Banda Bahadur and the establishment of Sikh rule in the Punjab. It is termed Prachin. Prachin Panth Parkash-Bhai Vir Singh Punjabi – Ebook download as PDF File . pdf), Text File .txt) or read book online. Page 1. Page 2. Page 3. www. Page 4. Page 5. okclub.

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Thus, a dialogue starts between Captain Murray and the author, who was persuaded to write an account of the Sikh struggle. This is considered to be an authentic source of Sikh history after the Guru period pertaining to the most crucial phase of the Sikh struggle during the eighteenth century.

Prachin Panth Prakash

Panth Parkash is an epic tale of Sikh struggle. The author gives a fair account of Marhattas, Rohillas and their association with Sikh Parkawh. The formation of Phulkia states and the role played by Ala Singh in Sikh affairs, however, do find a mention in Panth Parkash. It was a high tide of Sikh power.

Retrieved from ” http: Their lives they held not dear.

: Pracheen Panth Parkash Katha

Ratan Singh volunteered his own services as well to undo, as he says, the bias that might crop up in the narration of a Muslim. The author was persuaded by Captain Murray of punhabi British army to compile the history of Sikh struggle leading to establishment of Khalsa Raj.

To court death they had now found an opportunity.

It was a period when Mughal empire lost its vitality and the British East Indian Company advanced as a sovereign power to establish its rule over India. Then follows the account of Banda Singh’s entry into the Punjab with a few of the Sikhs who were in the Guru’s train at Nanded among names mentioned are those ofBinod Singh and Kahn Singh, Daya Singh and Aunin Singh and Baj Singh Bal ofMirpurthe rallying of Sikhs from Malva and Majha to his standard the poet makes no secret of his partiality towards the latterthe occupation of Samana and Sirhind, and inroads into the Jalandhar Doab.

The earlier period has been dealt with sketchily. The text was written in old Punjabi verse.

Panth Parkash

Singh Brothers have taken pains to publish and print it in the book form. He sought the help of a Persian scholar, Maulawl Bute Shah. He attributes the fall of the Mughal empire to the Emperor’s sinful act of beheading the Guru. The crucial phase of Sikh struggle leading to the consolidation of power in the form of Sikh confederacies Misals in Punjab forms the core of Panth Parkash.


The descripton of Guru Nanak’s life is relatively more detailed, but with the miraculous element predominating as in the Janam Sakhis. The details and sequence of events here provided have been generally accepted in later Sikh historiography. Among the events described are the chastisement of Masse Khan Ranghar who had desecrated the Harimandar, the martyrdoms ofBota Singh, Subeg Singh, Punjahi Singh and Mahitab Singh, Chhota Ghallughara the minor carnageVadda Ghallughara the major carnagethe third assault of the Sikhs on Sirhind in which Zain Khan, the governor, was killed, and the Sikhs’ foray into the country around Delhi.

So he faced a formidable task to complete his project. It is based on interviews, family history and the information collected by the British and French officers about Punjab. The punjaib material he utilized in his account punjaib the career of Banda Singh Bahadur and of the troubled times following his execution. In simple verse, the poet captures the spirit of the Sikhs in those difficult times: Baghel Singh conquered Delhi and established Sikh gurdwaras.

Become a SikhNet Sponsor. It starts abruptly with the exit of French presence in and psnth Delhi, the fall of Marhatta empire and the onslaught of the British empire in northern India.

Bhai Vir Singh added the word “Prachin” old or older to the title of the book to distinguish it from the more recent Panth Prakdsh by Giani Gian Singh. In fact, Sikh historians have not done justice to the role played by Banda in liberating Punjab and creating an egalitarian society based on Sikh principles.

Verses composed by Prahilad Rai in Hindi and Punjabi lie scattered in miscellaneous old manuscripts. SikhNet Discussion Forum Guidelines. The revolution started with the victories of Banda Singh Bahadur was short-lived, as he lost support of Mata Sundri and a faction of the Sikhs, known as Tat Khalsa.

On the Baisakhi day ofSikhs were baptised into the Khalsa fold. He verbally traced for Murray the origin of the faith of the Sikhs and their rise to sovereignty in the Punjab. The role of cis-Satluj Sikh states to checkmate the progress of Maharaja Ranjit Singh and siding with the British does not find a mention. Panth Parkash is basically an oral history text of the Sikh struggle during the ib Century.



For this recital and for the account that he finally composed in Amritsar, Ratan Singh drew upon available Sikh sources such as Janam Sakhis and Gurbilases and on the oral tradition that had come down to him from his parents and grandparents: They took to arms vowed to death. The author parkzsh the work on this project in and completed it in The account of the fierce persecution which overtakes Sikhs after the death of Banda Singh reaches its climax in the martyrdom ofBhai Mani Singh which, according to Ratan Singh, takes place in The author traces the history of Sikh Gurus briefly and explains the need for creation of the Khalsa by Guru Gobind Singh.

The succeeding seven Gurus have been barely mentioned, except Guru Hargobind whose battles against the Mughal forces are briefly touched upon. Captain Murray, then stationed on the AngloSikh frontier at Ludhiana, had been charged with preparing a history of the Sikhs.

Panth Parkash is the only source of historical account of Banda and the establishment of Sikh rule in the Punjab. Most of these conflicts ended in loot, plunder paraksh conspiracies.

His final defeatwas attributed to his resiling from the teachings of the Guru. They did not feel the pain if their bodies were slashed. This in fact is the most significant part of the work. From among the events from Guru Gobind Singh’s life, the manifestation of the Khalsa on the Baisakhi day of ADabolishing the masand system, the intrigues of the hill chiefs, and the siege of the Anandpur Fort, Guru Gobind Singh’s escape from the mud fort of Chamkaur, his southward journey and meeting at Nanded with Banda Singh Bahadur whom he charged to come to the Punjab to ransom righteousness are described in considerable detail.

Balwant Singh Dhillon, the Editor of the present volume has done an excellent job by comparing the old hand-written manuscript of Panth Parkash with printed edition of Bhai Veer Singh.