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Kanceri i gjirit – Wikipedia
I Closely applied to the medial axillary wall is the long thoracic nerve. Containment of nodal metastatic breast cancer is therefore potentially difficult because it can spread through many lymph node groups. Breast tumors spread via the lymphatics and veins, or by direct invasion. Y When a patient has a lump in the breast, a diagnosis of breast cancer is confirmed by a biopsy and histological evaluation. Y Further kanceei spread can induce a rare manifestation of breast cancer that produces a hard, woody texture to the skin cancer en cuirasse.
Subcutaneous lymphatic obstruction and tumor growth pull on connective tissue ligaments in the breast resulting in the appearance of an orange peel texture peau d’orange on the surface of the breast. In the early stages, curative treatment may include surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. Tumor growth and spread depends on the exact giirit site of origin of the cancer.
Once confirmed, the clinician must attempt to stage the tumor.
Kanceri i gjirit, zvogëlimi i rrezikut është i mundur
Lymph drainage of the breast is complex. Damage to this nerve can result in paralysis of the serratus anterior muscle producing a characteristic “winged” scapula.
Breast cancer develops in the cells of kancrei acini, lactiferous ducts, and lobules of the breast. S Within the axilla the breast tissue must be removed from the medial axillary wall.
R It is also possible to damage the nerve to the latissimus dorsi kaceri, and this may affect extension, medial rotation, and adduction of the humerus. Sections of this page.
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Kanceri i gjirit, zvogëlimi i rrezikut është i mundur – Ministria e Shëndetësisë
I Further imaging may include bone kanxeri using radioactive isotopes, which are avidly taken up by the tumor metastases in bone. Email or Phone Password Forgot account?
These factors affect the response to kancei, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. S Computed tomography CT scanning of the body may be carried out to look for any spread to the lungs pulmonary metastasesliver hepatic metastasesor bone bony metastases.
R Lymph vessels pass to axillary, supraclavicular, parasternal, and abdominal lymph nodes, as well as the opposite breast.
L A mastectomy surgical removal of the breast involves excision of the breast tissue to the pectoralis major muscle and fascia. L Staging the tumor means defining the: